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Derleth

August William Derleth (February 24 1909 – July 4 1971) was an American writer and anthologist. Though best remembered as Howard Phillips Lovecraft's literary executor and for his own contributions to the Cthulhu Mythos genre of horror, Derleth was a prolific writer in several genres, including historical fiction and detective fiction.

LifeEdit

The son of William Julius Derleth and his wife Rose Louise Volk, he grew up in Sauk City, Wisconsin. At the age of 16, he sold his first story to Weird Tales magazine. Derleth wrote all throughout his four years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and received a B.A. in 1930. During this time he served briefly as editor of Mystic Magazine.

In the mid-1930s he organised a Ranger's Club for young people, served as clerk and president of the local Board of Education, served as a parole officer, organised a local Men's Club and a Parent-Teacher Association. He also lectured in American Regional Literature at the University of Wisconsin.

In 1941 he became literary editor of The Capital Times newspaper in Madison, a post he held until his resignation in 1960.

Derleth was married April 6 1953 to Sandra Evelyn Winters; they were divorced six years later in 1959. He retained custody of their two children, April Rose and Walden William. In 1960, Derleth began editing and publishing a magazine called Hawk and Whippoorwill, dedicated to poems of man and nature.

He died on July 4, 1971 and is buried in St. Aloysius Cemetery in Sauk City.

Cthulhu MythosEdit

Derleth was a contemporary and friend of H. P. Lovecraft — when Lovecraft wrote about "le Comte d'Erlette" in his fiction, it was in homage to Derleth. Derleth invented the term Cthulhu Mythos to describe the fictional universe described in the series of stories shared by Lovecraft and other writers in his circle. Derleth's own writing emphasized the struggle between good and evil, in line with his own Christian worldview and in contrast with Lovecraft's depiction of an amoral universe. Derleth also treated Lovecraft's Old Ones as representatives of elemental forces, creating new entities to flesh out this framework.

When Lovecraft died in 1937, Derleth and Donald Wandrei put together a collection of that author's stories and tried to get them published. With existing publishers showing little interest, they founded Arkham House in 1939 to do it themselves. The name of the company comes from Lovecraft's fictional town of Arkham, Massachusetts, which featured in many of his stories.

Following Lovecraft's death, Derleth wrote a number of stories based on fragments and notes left by Lovecraft. These were published in Weird Tales and later in book form, under the byline "H.P. Lovecraft and August Derleth", with Derleth calling himself a "posthumous collaborator".

In 1939 Arkham House published The Outsider and Others, a huge collection that contained most of Lovecraft's short stories then known to exist. Derleth and Wandrei soon decided to expand Arkham House and began a regular publishing schedule after its second book, Someone in the Dark in 1941, a collection of some of Derleth's own horror stories.

A significant number of H.P. Lovecraft fans find themselves dissatisfied with Derleth's invention of the term Cthulhu Mythos and his belief that Lovecraft's fiction has an overall pattern, influenced by Derleth's Christianity. Other complaints deal with the "posthumous collaborations". Still there is little but praise for Derleth for his founding of Arkham House and for successful effort to rescue Lovecraft from literary obscurity.

Other writingEdit

Derleth wrote more than 150 short stories and more than 100 books during his lifetime. Included among that number were several novels about a Sherlock Holmes-like British detective named Solar Pons. His other series included the Sac Prairie Saga and the Wisconsin Saga and the Judge Peck series.

He also wrote introductions to several collections of classic early 20th century comics such as Buster Brown, Little Nemo in Slumberland, and Katzenjammer Kids, as well as a book of children's poetry entitled A Boy's Way. He also wrote under the pseudonyms Stephen Grendon, Kenyon Holmes and Tally Mason.

Derleth's papers and comic book collection were donated to the Wisconsin Historical Society in Madison. They have been organized by the State Archives that is located there.

BibliographyEdit

Mythos fictionEdit

Short fictionEdit

based on notes by H. P. LovecraftEdit

Collections/AnthologiesEdit

  • Tales of the Cthulhu Mythos (1969)
  • The Survivor and Others (1957) "with H. P. Lovecraft"
  • The Mask of Cthulhu (1958)
  • The Trail of Cthulhu (1962)
  • The Watchers Out of Time and Others (1974) "with H. P. Lovecraft"
  • Dwellers in Darkness (1976)
  • In Lovecraft's Shadow (1998)

Other WorksEdit

Other Short fictionEdit

  • Bat's Belfry (1926)
  • The Coffin of Lissa (1926)
  • The Devil's Pay (1926)
  • The Night Rider (1927)
  • The River (1927)
  • The Sleepers (1927)
  • The Turret Room (1927)
  • The Conradi Affair (1928) with Carl W. Ganzlin
  • The Philosophers' Stone (1928)
  • The Statement of Justin Parker (1928)
  • The Tenant at Number Seven (1928)
  • The Tenant (1928)
  • The Three-Storied House (1928)
  • "Melodie in E Minor" (1929)
  • The Deserted Garden (1929)
  • A Dinner at Imola (1929)
  • He Shall Come (1929)
  • The House on the Highway (1929)
  • The Inheritors (1929)
  • An Occurrence in an Antique Shop (1929)
  • Old Mark (1929)
  • Scarlatti's Bottle (1929)
  • "Just a Song at Twilight" (1930)
  • Across the Hall (1930)
  • The Lilac Bush (1930)
  • A Matter of Sight (1930)
  • Mrs. Bentley's Daughter (1930)
  • The Pacer (1930)
  • The Portrait (1930)
  • The Whistler (1930)
  • The Bridge of Sighs (1931)
  • The Captain Is Afraid (1931)
  • Prince Borgia's Mass (1931)
  • The Bishop Sees Through (1932)
  • The Shadow on the Sky (1932)
  • The Sheraton Mirror (1932)
  • The House In the Magnolias (1932)
  • Birkett's Twelfth Corpse (1933)
  • An Elegy for Mr. Danielson (1933)
  • Nellie Foster (1933)
  • The Vanishing of Simmons (1933)
  • The White Moth (1933)
  • A Cloak From Messer Lando (1934)
  • Feigman's Beard (1934)
  • The Metronome (1934)
  • Wild Grapes (1934)
  • Mr. Berbeck Had a Dream (1935)
  • Muggridge's Aunt (1935)
  • Lesandro's Familiar (1936)
  • The Return of Sarah Purcell (1936)
  • The Satin Mask (1936)
  • The Telephone in the Library (1936)
  • Glory Hand (1937)
  • McGovern's Obsession (1937)
  • The Panelled Room (1937)
  • The Shuttered House (1937)
  • The Wind from the River (1937)
  • Three Gentlemen in Black (1938)
  • Logoda's Heads (1939)
  • Mrs. Elting Does Her Part (1939)
  • The Second Print (1939)
  • After You, Mr. Henderson (1940)
  • Bramwell's Guardian (1940)
  • "Come to Me!" (1941)
  • Altimer's Amulet (1941)
  • Compliments of Spectro (1941)
  • Here, Daemos! (1942)
  • Lansing's Luxury (1942)
  • Mrs. Corter Makes Up Her Mind (1942)
  • Headlines for Tod Shayne (1942) as August W. Derleth
  • Mr. Ames' Devil (1942) as August W. Derleth
  • Baynter's Imp (1943)
  • McElwin's Glass (1943)
  • No Light for Uncle Henry (1943)
  • A Thin Gentleman with Gloves (1943)
  • A Wig for Miss DeVore (1943)
  • No Light for Uncle Henry (1943) as August W. Derleth
  • Lady Macbeth of Pimley Square (1944)
  • Pacific 421 (1944)
  • The Trail of Cthulhu (1944)
  • Carousel (1945)
  • The Inverness Cape (1945)
  • The Lost Day (1945)
  • Mrs. Lannisfree (1945)
  • A Collector of Stones (1946)
  • Pikeman (1946)
  • A Little Knowledge (1948)
  • The Lonesome Place (1948)
  • Saunder's Little Friend (1948)
  • Kingsridge 214 (1949)
  • The Slayers and the Slain (1949)
  • The Testament of Claiborne Boyd (1949)
  • Twilight Play (1949)
  • The Closing Door (1950)
  • The Fifth Child (1950)
  • The Island Out of Space (1950)
  • The Ormolu Clock (1950)
  • Potts' Triumph (1950)
  • A Room in a House (1950)
  • A Knocking in the Wall (1951)
  • The Man Who Rode the Saucer (1951)
  • The Other Side of the Wall (1951)
  • "Who Shall I Say is Calling?" (1952)
  • The Lost Path (1952)
  • McIlvaine's Star (1952)
  • The Night Road (1952)
  • The Place of Desolation (1952)
  • "Sexton, Sexton, in the Wall" (1953)
  • Century Jumper (1953)
  • A Corner for Lucia (1953)
  • The Detective and the Senator (1953)
  • The Disc Recorder (1953)
  • The Ebony Stick (1953)
  • Invaders from the Microcosm (1953)
  • The Maugham Obsession (1953)
  • A Traveler in Time (1953)
  • Mark VII (1954)
  • The Mechanical House (1954)
  • The Penfield Misadventure (1954)
  • The Place in the Woods (1954)
  • The Remarkable Dingdong (1954)
  • Thinker, Mark VII (1954)
  • The Dark Boy (1956)
  • The Martian Artifact (1957)
  • Halloween for Mr. Faulkner (1959)
  • Lovecraft and "The Pacer" (excerpt) (1959)
  • The Adventure of the Intarsia Box (1964)
  • By Rocket to the Moon (1965)
  • Ferguson's Capsules (1966)
  • The Adventure of the Unique Dickensians (1968)
  • An Eye for History (1975)
  • Protoplasma (1975)

As Stephen GrendonEdit

  • The Drifting Snow (1939) as Stephen Grendon
  • A Gentleman from Prague (1944) as Stephen Grendon
  • Alannah (1945) as Stephen Grendon
  • Dead Man's Shoes (1946) as Stephen Grendon
  • Bishop's Gambit (1947) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Extra Passenger (1947) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Ghost Walk (1947) as Stephen Grendon
  • Mr. George (1947) as Stephen Grendon
  • Parrington's Pool (1947) as Stephen Grendon
  • Blessed Are the Meek (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • Mara (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Night Train to Lost Valley (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Tsanta in the Parlor (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Tsantsa in the Parlor (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Wind in the Lilacs (1948) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Blue Spectacles (1949) as Stephen Grendon
  • Mrs. Manifold (1949) as Stephen Grendon
  • Open, Sesame! (1949) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Song of the Pewee (1949) as Stephen Grendon
  • The Man on B-17 (1950) as Stephen Grendon
  • Balu (1949) as Stephen Grendon
  • Miss Esperson (1962) as Stephen Grendon


With Marc R. SchorerEdit

  • The Elixir of Life (1926) with Marc R. Schorer
  • The Marmoset (1926) with Marc R. Schorer
  • The Black Castle (1927) with Marc R. Schorer
  • The Owl on the Moor (1928) with Marc R. Schorer
  • Riders in the Sky (1928) with Marc R. Schorer
  • The Pacer (1930) with Marc R. Schorer
  • In the Left Wing (1932) with Mark Schorer
  • Laughter in the Night (1932) with Mark Schorer
  • Red Hands (1932) with Mark Schorer
  • The Carven Image (1933) with Mark Schorer
  • The Return of Andrew Bentley (1933) with Mark Schorer
  • Colonel Markesan (1934) with Mark Schorer
  • A Matter of Faith (1934) with Mark Schorer
  • Death Holds the Post (1936) with Mark Schorer
  • They Shall Rise (1936) with Mark Schorer
  • The Woman at Loon Point (1936) with Mark Schorer
  • The Vengeance of Ai (1939) with Mark Schorer
  • The Occupant of the Crypt (1947) with Mark Schorer
  • The Figure with the Scythe (1973) with Mark Schorer

Other collaborationsEdit

  • The Churchyard Yew (1947) as Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
  • The Adventure of the Snitch in Time (1953) with Mack Reynolds
  • The Adventure of the Ball of Nostradamus (1955) with Mack Reynolds
  • The House in the Oaks (1971) with Robert E. Howard

NovelsEdit

  • Mr. Fairlie's Final Journey (1968)

HistoryEdit

  • The Wisconsin: River of a Thousand Isles (1942)
  • The Milwaukee Road: Its First Hundred Years (1948)

Religious HistoryEdit

  • Saint Ignatius and the Company of Jesus (1956)
  • Father Marquette and the Great River (1959)

AnthologiesEdit

  • Sleep No More (1944)
  • Who Knocks? (1946)
  • The Night Side (1947)
  • The Sleeping and the Dead (1947)
  • Strange Ports of Call (1948)
  • The Other Side of the Moon (1949)
  • Beyond Time and Space (1950)
  • Far Boundaries (1951)
  • The Outer Reaches (1951)
  • Beachheads in Space (1952)
  • Night's Yawning Peal: A Ghostly Company (1952)
  • Worlds of Tomorrow (1953)
  • Portals of Tomorrow (1954)
  • Time to Come (1954)
  • Dark Mind, Dark Heart (1962)
  • New Worlds for Old (1963)
  • The Sleeping and the Dead (abridged) (1963)
  • The Time of Infinity (1963)
  • The Unquiet Grave (1963)
  • From Other Worlds (1964)
  • Over the Edge]] (1964)
  • Travellers by Night (1967)
  • Dark Things (1971)
  • New Horizons: Yesterday's Portraits of Tomorrow (1998)

CollectionsEdit

  • Place of Hawks (1935)
  • Consider Your Verdict (1937) as Tally Mason
  • Country Growth (1940)
  • Someone in the Dark (1941)
  • "In Re: Sherlock Holmes"--The Adventures of Solar Pons- (in the UK "The Adventures of Solar Pons") (1945)
  • Something Near (1945)
  • Wisconsin Earth: A Sac Prarie Sampler (1948)
  • Sac Prarie People (1948)
  • Not Long for this World (1948)
  • The Memoirs of Solar Pons (1951)
  • Wisconsin in Their Bones (1961)
  • This Wound (1962)
  • Lonesome Places (1962)
  • Mr. George and Other Odd Persons (1963) as Stephen Grendon
  • Colonel Markesan and Less Pleasant People (1966) with Mark Schorer
  • A Praed Street Dossier (1968)
  • Wisconsin Murders (1968)
  • Harrigan's File (1975)
  • Three Problems for Solar Pons (1952)
  • The Return of Solar Pons (1958)
  • The Reminiscences of Solar Pons (1961)
  • The Casebook of Solar Pons (1965)
  • The Chronicles of Solar Pons (1973)
  • The Solar Pons Omnibus (1982)
  • The Final Adventures of Solar Pons (1998)
  • The Original Text Solar Pons Omnibus Edition (2001)

PoemsEdit

  • Incubus (1934)
  • Omega (1934)
  • To a Spaceship (1934)
  • Man and the Cosmos (1935)
  • "Only Deserted" (1937)
  • The Shores of Night (1947)
  • A Boy's Way (1947) (Illustrated by Claire Victor Dwiggins)
  • Providence: Two Gentlemen Meet at Midnight (1948)
  • Jacksnipe Over (1971)
  • Something Left Behind (1971)

Essays/articlesEdit

  • Introduction (The Mask of Cthulhu) (unknown)
  • Foreword (Who Knocks?) (1946)
  • Foreword (The Night Side) (1947)
  • Introduction (The Sleeping and the Dead) (1947)
  • Foreword (Not Long for This World) (1948)
  • Introduction (Strange Ports of Call) (1948)
  • Introduction (The Other Side of the Moon) (1949)
  • Introduction (Beyond Time and Space) (1950)
  • Foreword (The Outer Reaches) (1951)
  • Introduction (The Haunter of the Dark) (1951)
  • Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1952)
  • Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1953)
  • Foreword (Time to Come) (1954)
  • Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1954)
  • Introduction (Portals of Tomorrow) (1954)
  • Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1955)
  • Foreword (Dark Mind, Dark Heart) (1962)
  • Foreword (Time to Come) (1963)
  • H.P. Lovecraft And His Work (1963)
  • H.P. Lovecraft And His Work (1963)
  • Introduction (Mr. George and Other Odd Persons) (1963)
  • Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1963)
  • Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1964)
  • Introduction (From Other Worlds) (1964)
  • Foreword (The Night Side) (1966)
  • Foreword (The Unspeakable People) (1969)
  • Clark Ashton Smith: Master of Fantasy (1974) with Donald Wandrei

ReferencesEdit

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