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"The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown." - H.P. Lovecraft

This article is written on a topic in the real world and reflects factual information.

H.P. Lovecraft and his mythos have had a significant influence on later works in a wide variety of media. The following is a non-comprehensive list of works that, while not direct adaptations of Lovecraft's works, contain references, allusions or themes that have their origin with Lovecraft, or appear likely to have been inspired by his fiction.

Film AdaptationsEdit

  • Dagon (2001) Innsmouth is relocated from New England to Spain in this retelling of The Shadow over Innsmouth.
  • The Call of Cthulhu (2005) (H.P. Lovecraft Historical Society) a silent movie
  • Cthulhu (Dan Gildark 2007) Loosely based on The Shadow Over Innsmouth
  • Prometheus (Ridley Scott, 2012)
    • The premise of the film, in which a team of scientists seek out humanity's extraterrestrial creators, is fundamentally similar to At the Mountains of Madness, which also involves an expedition to an abandoned city belonging to aliens responsible for humanity's creation.
  • Hellboy (Guillermo Del Toro)
    • The Ogdru Jahad, the malevolent godlike beings that are the main antagonistic force in the film, are depicted as massive tentacled entities residing in space, much like many Cthulhu mythos deities. 
  • Mountains of Darkness (Guillermo Del Toro; unproduced)
  • Laokoon (1970)
  • The Void
  • H.R. Giger's works such as Alien
  • The Birthday (2004)
  • Event Horizon (1997)
  • Stuart Gordon's works
  • The Cabin in the Woods
    • The Ancient Ones, massive hibernating god-beings that require human sacrifices to be kept dormant, are thematically similar to the Great Old Ones of Lovecraft's fiction.

TVEdit

  • Night Gallery (contains several direct adaptions of his work)
  • True Detective (Season 1) has Lovecraftian aspect with its Southern Gothic tone and degenerated cults.
  • The Real Ghostbusters (had two Lovecraft based episodes
    • Episode 41 "The Collect Call of Cathulhu"
      • The Necronomican, Spawn of Cathulhu*, a Shoggoth and Cathulhu itself all appear in this episode.
      • The writer with arcane knowledge who helps the team is named 'Alice Derleth' - a reference to August Derleth.
      • Professeur Clark Ashton is named after Clark Ashton Smith.
      • The Necronomican is returned to the Miskatonic University in Arkham.
      • Ray gets help from an old friend called Howard - a reference to Robert E.Howard.
      • The Ghostbusters get a clue how to kill Cathulhu from an old copy of 'Weird Tales'.
      • The episodes writer, Michael Reaves, has written some Mythos short stories: 'Red Clay' (which was part of the 'Children Of Cthulhu' collection) and 'The Adventure Of The Arab's Manuscript' (which appeared in 'Shadows Over Baker Street').
  • Babylon 5
    • Series creator, J. Michael Straczynski, is fan of Lovecraft (and wrote one of the Lovecraft inspired Ghostbusters episodes)
    • The show is littered with references to the "first ones", ancient and awesomely powerful aliens far beyond humanitie's understanding.
    • He also introduced a Cthulhu like race called Pak'ma'ra
    • He used the name Charles Dexter for a character who has both a good and evil side (the good side being called Charles)
  • The Justice League animated series had an episode called "The Terror Beyond" involving tentacled sea monsters breaching our dimension and the team must cross over to attack the other worldly beings where they live.
  • The Adult Swim show Rick and Morty also features Cthulhu in the title sequence.
  • On the Disney Show "Gravity Falls" Season Two Episode "Weirdmaggedon Part One" Cthulhu made a cameo
  • On the show "Rick and Morty", Cthulhu makes an appearance at the end of each episode's opening sequence.
  • "South Park" featured Cthulu in the "Coon and Friends Trilogy", where Cartman (in his Coon persona) allies with Cthulu to wreak havok on the world, and Kenny learns that Cthulu is responsible for his constant death/rebirth
  • Stranger Things
  • "Supernatural" featured Zeboyd Game Cthulhu Saves the World Season six Episode twentyone

Prose Edit

  • In the novel Kraken by China Mieville, the plot revolves around a preserved specimen of a giant squid, revered as a god by a doomsday cult. This echoes Cthulhu and his cult, which also is focused on the end of the world.
  • The Fisherman (John Langan)
  • Revival (Stephen King)
  • Jerusalem's Lot (Stephen King)
  • N (Stephen King)
  • Storm of the Century (Stephen King)
  • Fear (L Ron Hubbard)
  • Shadows over Baker Street
  • A Study in Emerald (Neil Gaiman) - Available for free on his site as well as an audio book read by Gaiman.
  • A Song Of Ice and Fire (George R. R. Martin) has Lovecraftian hints in its lore.
    • The Black Goat of Qohor is a nod to Shub-Niggurath, the Black Goat of the Woods with a Thousand Young.
    • The Drowned God is a nod to Cthulhu and Dagon.
    • Carcosa
    • The Many Faces and Nyarlathotep
    • Martin published a short story pitting Jaime against Cthulhu on his blog.

Comic BooksEdit

  • Fall of Cthulhu
  • Fatale (Ed Brubaker)
  • Necronomicon (Alan Moore)
  • Providence (Alan Moore)
  • Fell (Warren Ellis)
  • Locke & Key (Joe Hill) - A town called Lovecraft
  • H. P. Lovecraft's the Hound and Other Stories (Gou Tanabe)
  • Sunless Sea
  • Macabre Massachusetts by comic artist Victor Laube contains many references to H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu mythos.
  • The town wherein the events of the comic book series Locke & Key by Joe Hill take place is named "Lovecraft, Massachusetts."
  • The Thanos Imperative event and its Many-Angled Ones
  • Hellboy
  • Mike Mignola's works
  • The Goon
  • The "Ogdru Jahad", antagonists from Mike Mignola's Hellboy comic book series, are partially inspired by Lovecraft's "Great Old Ones."
  • Horror Mangas by Junji Ito, notably Uzumaki, have Lovecraftian aspects.
  • The comic book series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill, set in a universe where many characters from popular fiction co-exist, Cthulhu has been referenced, although his name has been spelled "Kutulu", and a character has misheard his name as "cool Lulu".

Audio & MusicEdit

  • The Magnus Archives
  • H.P. Lovecraft Historical Society's audios
  • Blue Oyster Cult: The Old Gods Return from the 2001 album Curse of the Hidden Mirror.
  • The Great Old Ones (French Black Metal band): Al Azif (2012)
  • The heavy Metal band Rage has some songs inspired by the Cthulhu mythos: "Lost in the Ice" from the album The Missing Link and "In a nameless time" and "The crawling chaos" from Black in Mind.
  • The thrash metal band Metallica has four songs inspired by the Cthulhu mythos: "The Call of Ktulu" on the 1984 album Ride the Lightning, "The Thing That Should Not Be" from 1986 Master of Puppets, "All Nightmare Long" from 2008 Death Magnetic, and "Dream no More" from 2016 Hardwired... to Self Destruct.
  • Electronic Music Producer deadmau5 has made songs referencing Cthulhu and the sunken city of Ryleh
  • The heavy metal band Iced Earth has a song named "Cthulhu" on its album Plagues of Babylon.
  • Extreme metal band Cradle of Filth has a song called "Cthulhu Dawn", from the album Midian, based on his rising. Also the song "Mother of Abominations", from the album Nymphetamine, begins with a mantra "Iä Iä, C'thulhu fhtagn".
  • A local Heavy Metal band from Rochester, NY has also taken to calling themselves Cthulu.
  • The death metal band Black Dahlia Murder has a song inspired by the Call of Cthulhu titled "Thy Horror Cosmic."
  • The closing track of the album Death Gods by death metal band Deathchain is called "Cthulhu Rising".

Video GamesEdit

  • The iLovecraft Collection (iClassics Collection)
  • Chaos Code - Cthylla is playable in a young girl form, she is described in-game as Cthulhu's daughter and the queen of the sea, her attackas are named:
    • Phantom of Yog-Sothoth
    • The Hound of Tindalos
    • Wind-Walking Ithaqua Upper
    • The Ring of Papaloi
    • Tulzscha
    • Interstellar Flight Hastur
    • Game of Shoggoth
    • Flame of Fire Vampires
    • Shadow of the Dagon
    • The Black Goat's Sabbath
    • Incarnation of Darkness (summons Nyarlathotep)
    • The Call of Great Father
  • War in Heaven
  • Darkest Dungeon
  • Shadow Hearts - quadrilogy
    • Necronomicon
    • Lord Dunsany is playable
    • Codex of R'yleh
  • Eternal Darkness
  • Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth
    • An Xbox/PC game placing the player in the role of a police man investigating the strange occurrences involving Old Ones cults and mostly notable placing the player inside the Lovecraft short story the Shadow over Innsmouth.
  • Codename S.T.E.A.M.
  • Resident Evil 4
  • Quest for Glory IV: Shadows of Darkness
    • Avoozl is described as a Dark One
  • The Lurking Horror (Infocom)
    • Interactive fiction in which the player investigates weird happenings at G.U.E. University.
  • Alone in the Dark (I Motion)
    • The first game of this classic horror series is strongly based on Lovecraft.  Several tomes mention Cthulhoid beings and places, as well as appearances by the Deep Ones.
  • Shadow of the Comet (Interplay)
    • The first of what was supposed to be a series of "Call of Cthulhu" games, the player investigates the influence a fallen comet has on a town.
  • Prisoner of Ice (I Motion)
    • The player is a government agennt during WWII, thrawting a Nazi plan to raise Cthulhu as their weapon.
  • Dr Floyd's Desktop Games (Micropose)
  • Call of Duty: Black Ops 3
    • The Zombies map "Shadows of Evil" is large based on Lovecraft's world.
  • Fallout 3 - Dunwich House
  • Demonbane - a Japanese eroge based on the Cthulhu mythos, also adapted as an animated series.
  • Quake
    • Featured Shub-Niggurath as the final boss, and levels such as the Vaults of Zin and The Nameless City. Sandy Peterson was a level designer.
  • Terraria
    • Many of the bosses in the game are named after some part of Cthulhu's anatomy, e.g. "Eye of Cthulhu", "Brain of Cthulhu".
    • The game's final boss, Moon Lord, resembles common depictions of Cthulhu.
  • Amnesia series (Frictional Games)
    • Amnesia: The player encounters deep wells containing invisible monsters known as Kaernk, which hop up and down in the shallow water at the bottom; this recalls the deep wells found in the laboratory of "Charles Dexter Ward", which contained barely-visible monstrosities that hopped up and down at the bottom.
    • The final gameplay sequence of Amnesia: Justine consists of a series of passages with cryptic messages scrawled in blood, some of which seem to be allusions to Lovecraft: "The pipers will call for us to dance," "the tattered yellow king shall dethrone," "from beyond it comes," and others.
      • Justine Florbelle's family heirloom is a "star shaped soapstone," remniscent of the star-shaped soapstones found by the expedition team in At the Mountains of Madness.
  • Dead Space series (Visceral Games)
    • The Brethren Moons, introduced in Dead Space 3, are planet- or moon-sized extraterrestrial beings capable of telepathy; this trait, along with their tentacled appearance, recalls various Cthulhu mythos entities.
  • Mass Effect series (Bioware)
    • The main antagonists of the series, the Reapers, are gigantic cephalopod-like machines whose very presence induces mental disturbances in organic beings, in much the same way that many Cthulhu Mythos entities induce insanity in human victims. The Reapers repeatedly describe themselves as being "beyond the comprehension" of mortal beings. They are also known as "The Old Machines," recalling the titles of "Old Ones" and "Elder Things" in the mythos.
      • A recording made by a scientist on a derelict Reaper describes the hulk as "a dead god that still dreams," echoing the phrase, "in his house at R'lyeh dead Cthulhu waits dreaming."
      • Their creators, the enigmatic Leviathans, are similarly Cthulhu-esque in that they resemble squids, and can control or destroy the minds of lesser beings.
  • The Elder Scrolls series (Bethesda Softworks)
    • Hermaeus Mora, the Daedric Prince of Knowledge and Fate, is depicted as an amorphous floating mass of eyes and tentacles in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, much like common representations of Yog-Sothoth. His sphere, the keeping of forbidden knowledge, is also much in keeping with Lovecraftian themes of there being knowledge about the universe mankind is not meant to know. His minions, the tentacled Seekers and amphibious Lurkers, are remniscent of Cthulhu and the Deep Ones, respectively.
    • Dagon quest in Oblivion
  • Quake series
    • The final boss of Quake, the first game in the series, is named Shub-Niggurath.
  • Half Life
  • The Secret World...
  • Delta Green
  • Demon's Soul (From software) - Notably the Old One
  • Bloodborne (From software)
    • The Hunter's Dream and the Nightmares can be linked to Lovecraft's Dream Cycle
    • The world is influenced by Great Ones, which are similar to the Great Old Ones
    • A boss called Ebrietas has a striking resemblence to Cthulhu (or Cthylla due to it being a female).
    • The Old Hunters DLC has the Fishing Hamlet village for which the lore is basically a rendition of "Shadow over Innsmouth".
  • Terraria introduce the Moon Lord boss in its 1.3 update, who has been said by the creator of the game to be Cthulhu's brother.
  • In Zeboyd Games's Cthulhu Saves the World the player plays as Cthulhu himself on a quest to reclaim his power.
  • World of Warcraft
    • There are beings known as the "Old Gods" evil immortals who corrupted the world of Azeroth in ancient times. Two of these gods are named "C'thun" and "N'zoth" who are based from C'thulu.
  • Dead by Daylight's lore is Lovecraftian, notably the "Entity"
  • Arkham Files (Fantasy Flight Games)
  • Eldritch Horror!
  • Call of C'thulu
  • The Secret World Legends
    • Dreaming ones
  • Silent Hill game series 
  • Payday 2 has an infamous mask named "Cthulhu", based off the creature of the same name. 
  • Grand Theft Auto V has a mask shop on the beach that sells masks modeled after Cthulhu's head. 
  • PC and console game "Smite" possesses a god named Ah Muzen Cab and he has a possible skin resembling C'thulu.
  • The board game "Smash Up" has an expansion centred around the Cthulhu Mythos
  • The video game "Evolve" feature two playables monsters, the Kraken and the Elder kraken, that are based on Cthutlu.

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